Gerona is a city located in the northeast of Cataluña. It is the capital of the Spanish province of the same name and its population is 98.250 inhabitants.
Since IIIrd century, the city was in the hands of the Romans who called it Gerunda. Then, the city was invaded by the Visigoths, the Saracens and the Francs. Due to its geographic situation, it suffered from several sieges. In the middle Ages, it was one of the most important cities of the Catalan principality and its Jewish district was the center of flourishing commercial activity. Then, in 1694, the French marshal Noailles invade the city, which was also besiege in the Succession War.
The installation of the railway until the French border was an incentive to the economic recovery. In XIXth century, paper and smelting industries were created, which was an incentive too for the demographic growth. The city was in the Republican side until February 4th of 1939 when the Francoist troops took the city. Nowadays, the city has an enterprising spirit and has kept its commercial and administrative identity. In the last years, services sector has been strongly developed in order to meet the touristic demand.
Gerona is considerate as a Spanish city which benefits from the best life quality. Tourists can hang around discovering the entire cultural legacy; it is one of the most impressing monumental city of Cataluña. In the Old Gerona, you will discover the Romans walls and the Saint Maria Cathedral which has been declared National Artistic and Historic Monument.
Monuments of Gerona
Catedral de Gerona: Built in different styles (11th – 17th century a.d.), it preserves elements of the first Romanesque building (cloister and tower of Charlemagne), and the nave –its most spectacular characteristic– features with the widest arched span in the world.
Baños arabes: The structure and some architectural elements of the site remind us of Arab baths, but in reality they are a 12th century Romanesque construction. The frigidarium is covered by a notable annular vault.
Museo Dali: Contains a broad spectrum of works covering the artistic career of Salvador Dali (1904-1989), from his early artistic experiences and his creations within the sphere of surrealism through to works dating from the last years of his life.
Iglesia de Santa Maria: The church of Santa Maria is, after the cathedral of Girona, the most important church of the province.
Monastery of San Pedro de Roda: Benedictine monastery of S. X-XI, sacked and left. The church is of great proportions and good capitals. General panoramic view of the coast from 700m of height.
Castillo de la Playa: This building, located at the end of the beach of Sa Caleta, is in fact one house-castle constructed by the industrialist of Girona Narcís Plaja. Is one of the most emblematic symbols of this municipality.
Jardines de Santa Clotilde: Located in a landscape of great beauty, on a cliff with impressive views to the sea, east wonderful garden stood, true sample of the spirit who informed the novecentista movement in Catalonia.
Dona Marinera: From its inauguration in 1966, Marine Dona has become one of the most emblematic symbols of the population. It represents one appears feminine that observes the sea in attitude to salute or to dismiss.
Ruinas de Ampurias: Ampurias is the most important Greek archaeological site to be found in Spain.Its origin stems from the settlement of Greek colonisers during the 5th century A. C. The town was reformed by the Romans, and in the 1st century B.C. Cesar founded another town
Monastery of Sant Pere de Galligants and Chapel of Sant Nicolau: One of the most outstanding groups of Lombard style Romanesque (12th century a.d.) buildings in Catalonia. The capitals of the church and the cloister are its most remarkable features.