Spain was conquered by the Carthaginians and later by the Romans who spread the Latin language and civilization.
When the Roman Empire collapsed there came the Vandals, the Visigoths and finally the Arabs.
Later the Spaniards repulsed the invaders and towards the end of 1400 there was liberation and unification of the country.
With the colonial empire in America, Spain became rich, but economy did not develop properly and since the beginning of 17th century the country experienced a deep economic crisis.
In 1931 it was abolished the monarchy and proclaimed the Republic.
But the political conflicts between right and left, led to the Civil War (1936-39) and to the dictatorial regime, Francoism, lasted until 1975.
With the Constitution of 1978 Spain is a hereditary constitutional monarchy, where Cortes have the legislative power and the Government has the executive power.
Currently Spain is a democratic country and economic, social and cultural developed.