Huesca (Aragonese: Uesca; Latin: Osca) is a city in Aragon, Spain. Huesca is the capital of the Spanish province of the same name.
In the V century, the Visigoths entered in the Alto Aragon. The territory is occupied by most Christians. They created frontier posts and farms.
In 714, Muslims came to Huesca but the chastisements made the population flee in the higher valleys. The Franks tried to take the power in the Alto Aragon. In 833, Galindo Aznarez I entered the valley of Echo and created a military fort. He also began to come in contact with the Indigenes. A monastery is built, San Pedro de Siresa. Later, the Condado of Aragon was born. The conquests are more and more numerous, new monasteries were built as the monastery of San Juan de la Pena, San Pedro de Jaca. After the union with the kingdom of Pamplona, began the Christianization in the valleys.
After the division of the kingdom between the children, the Alto Aragon fell in the hands of Ramiro I who became the first king of Aragon. His son created the capital in Jaca. He continued to conquer but died in Huesca against the Muslims.
Pedro I conquered Huesca and it became the capital. Alfonso I won in Zaragoza. After his death, his brother Ramiro el Monje became king. After the weeding of his daughter with the Conde Ramon Berenguer IV of Barcelona, the Corona of Aragon was born.
Monuments of Huesca
Huesca Cathedral: it was built in 1354. It includes a magnificent altar of alabaster. The cloister and the bell are from XV century.
Church of St Peter: It was erected between 1100 and 1241. It is one of the oldest Romanesque monuments in the region. It was rebuilt in XVII century.
Church of St Laurence: it was built in 1606 under a popular subscription. You will discover the Vicente Berdusan and Jiusepe Martinez’s paintings.
Church of St Miguel: it was an ancient monastery which was called las Miguelas because it was occupied by the Carmelite.
Sanctuary of Salas: it is situated in the Huertas district. The Virgin of Salas is often quoted in the canticles of Alfonso X el Sabio.
Town hall: From the Renaissance, this palace was built between the XVI and XVII century. You can see the « Bell of Huesca from the XIX century. It was built on the foundations of an ancient city which was created by Quinto Sertorio.
Watchtower of Guara: You can observe the pick of Pozal de Guara (2077m height). It is the highest pick of the region.
University of Huesca: it was the first university and the most important between XIV and XIX century. It was built in 1354 and closed in 1845.
Real Palace University: this factory was renovated several times between XIII and XIV century.
Archeological Museum: it is a modern building which shelters the archeological ruins of the region and a collection of paintings and frescos of the primitive and gothic art.
Catedralicio Diocesano Museum: 2 rooms deal with medieval art. You will find important masterpieces as wall paintings of Bierge.
Contemporaneous Art Center of Aragon: it was created by Rafael Moneo. You will discover the Legado Beulas.