Huelva is the the most occidental province of Andalucía and the capital is also called Huelva. Two rivers join near the city: The Tinto and the Odiel. The most important industries of Huelva are chemisty and fishing. Altough the first one provides employment it also has serious consequences for the environment. The fleet of Huelva is reasonably big and catches the best shrimp of the region. In winter the temperature isn’t very low and thanks to the seabreeze the summers are soft. The city has more than 145,000 inhabitants, of which Alonso Sanches de Huelva, José Luis Gómez and Eugenio Hermoso are the most famous. People from Huelva are also referred to as Onubenses. The Fiestas Colombinas are the best known celebrations, they celebrate the departure of Columbus on the 3rd of August of 1492.
Founded in 1000 b.C, the city prospered under reign of the Visigoths, but they were forced to seek refuge in nearby Niebla after the arrival of the Arabs, and were eventually defeated. The city was a centre for science and engineering, both for the Arabs as for the Christians. The Arabs called the city Welba, that was later changed into the Spanish word Huelva. With the discovery of America Huelva’s importance increased, mainly because the famous expedition left from Palos de la Frontera, a village nearby. Also the patrons of Columbus’expedition came fron Huelva. From this period you can visit various monuments. In 1823 the old kingdoms of Spain were divided into regions and the province of Huelva came into existence. In 1873 the city sold the right to mine the nearby mines to the english and they modernized the city and its surroundings. A railway was constructed and the port was improved to facilitate the loading and unloading of minerals. A large demographic increase took place when people who wanted to work in the chemical industry zone, that was built under Franco’s regime, started to arrive in the city. The current port of Huelva was constructed during the 1960s and 1970s and replaced the installations that were there before. This, and more investments into the industry caused a duplication of the population within 40 years.
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