Málaga is the capital of the province with the same name. It has over 558,000 inhabitants. The city is located near the Montes de Malaga and two rivers cross the city: the Guadalmedina and the Guadalhorce. The people are called Malagueño or, more popular, boquerón. Without a doubt the most famous boquerón is Pablo Picasso, followed by Antonio Banderas and Pasión Vega. The city has a subtropical Mediterranean climate with average temperatures of 18ºC. Winters are soft but in the summer temperatures can climb up to 44ºC. In August the Feria de Agosto takes place. This festival shows the typical folklore of Malaga, with people in traditional costumes. Everybody enjoys the parties and the city becomes an open air disco for three days. Patrons of the city are the Martyrs (San Ciriaco and Santa Paula) and the Virgin of Victoria.
The Phoenicians founded a colony in the 3rd century b.C, they probably encountered this place and saw it was a good, defendable location because of the Gibralfaro hill. They called this colony Malaka. The Carthaginians conquered the city in 570 b.C and ruled for seven centuries until they were defeated by the Romans in 218. Under Roman rule the roman theatre and the first port of Malaga were constructed. After the fall of the Roman Empire the Visigoths took over the city but were in turn driven out by the Arabs. Different Arab kingdoms conquered the city and it was thus ruled by many kings. The Arabs constructed a network of defensive towers to protect the city. Their use was proven during the reconquest of the city by the Christians. The conquest of Malaga was a bloody one and took over six months. The Christians were not merciful for this and condemned all surviving enemy soldiers to slavery or the death penalty. They repopulated the city with their own people and began constructing several churches. Between the 16th and 17th century the city grew, in spite of earthquakes, floods and epidemics. One of the most notable facts of the 19th century was that the city was the initiator of the Industrial Revolution on the peninsula. The industry in the city developed much and the railroad and airport were built. Under Franco’s regime tourism of the Costa del Sol grew immensely and gave Malaga an economic impulse. Starting from the 1960s on tourism became the primary source of income for the city as well as for the province. The port is now being reconstructed to easier facilitate the coming and going of cruise ships.
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