La Coruña, or known to the Gallegos as A Coruña, is a port town lying on the north coast of Galicia and is said to be Galicias most visited city after Santiago de Compostela. It has an Atlantic climate, with wet winters and hot summers. It is much larger than the other provincial capitals and is considered the most important district in Galicia. The province is famous for its fishing villages, which you will find all along the coast. In the city itself, there is a minefield of activities for tourists.
The Romans came to rule in A Coruña in the 2nd century and the city was considered of great value due to its strategic location and focusing their efforts on shipping. Julius Caesar came to the region on 62 BC in search of a metal trade which initiated good business relations with Portugal, England and France. Here you will find the oldest lighthouse in the world, the Roman Tower of Hercules, which is still in operation. The middle ages in La Coruña was known for its trade in textiles. 1520 saw King Charles of Spain arrive to be elected Emperor. In 1598, during the Anglo Spanish war, La Coruña went through hardship when it was destroyed by Francis Drake’s British fleet. During The Peninsula war, it was used as a battle site in 1809. The 20th century was radical for the city due to post Spanish civil war when the population increased hugely. The 21st century has seen many revolutionary changes to the city, many of which it shares with Ferrol, a nearby town. Fishing boats are a main point of traffic at the port and this business makes up a large percentage of the city’s income. As well as fishing, oil tankers are often seen coming into the port. In the city, much infrastructure has been built to improve cultural and leisure activities.
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